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‘Geography explains the past, illuminates the present and prepares us for the future. What could be more important than that?’

Michael Palin

Geography Curriculum Intent:

At Wheelock Primary School, our aim is for Geography to inspire in children a curiosity and fascination about the world and its people that will encourage a lifelong interest. Children learn about places and the processes (human and physical) that shape the environment, as well as the skills needed to collect and interpret information. We learn about local, British and world geography.

Nurture: We encourage children to make links between their own experiences and knowledge of their locality, as well as finding out about our country and the wider world beyond. Children are encouraged to think about how humans can have both a positive and negative impact upon the environment and people. We help children recognise their role in becoming responsible global citizens and introduce them to the concept of sustainability.

Curiosity: Geography is an exciting and relevant subject. We encourage children's curiosity about the world and its people. Through research, enquiry, the use of fieldwork, technology and other tools such as maps and atlases children are encouraged to explore and learn. We equip them with the skills to ask and answer geographical questions which may be simple or more complex.

Diversity: Britain is a very diverse place with a rich cultural and ethnic history. Geography is very well placed to help children understand the world that we live within here and now, looking beyond our immediate community and locality. We learn about diverse people, places and environments. We encourage respect towards other cultures and understanding of what it means to be a positive citizen in a multicultural country. We help children to understand and value diversity, and to challenge assumptions.

Ambition: Our aims are to build upon prior learning and to encourage children's interest in finding out more. Children are encouraged to follow their interests and learn about places and environmental issues outside of the classroom, and to take an interest how they can make a positive contribution towards improving the environment, no matter how small.


Our Geography scheme of work aims to inspire pupils to become curious and explorative thinkers with a diverse knowledge of the world; in other words, to think like a geographer. We want pupils to develop the confidence to question and observe places, measure and record necessary data in various ways, and analyse and present their findings. Through our scheme of work, we aim to build an awareness of how Geography shapes our lives at multiple scales and over time. We hope to encourage pupils to become resourceful, active citizens who will have the skills to contribute to and improve the world around them.

Our scheme encourages:
• A strong focus on developing both geographical skills and knowledge.
• Critical thinking, with the ability to ask perceptive questions and explain and analyse evidence.
• The development of fieldwork skills across each year group.
• A deep interest and knowledge of pupils’ locality and how it differs from other areas of the world.
• A growing understanding of geographical terms and vocabulary.

The National curriculum organises the Geography attainment targets under four subheadings or strands:
• Locational knowledge
• Place knowledge
• Human and physical geography
• Geographical skills and fieldwork

In EYFS, geography is taught through the specific area of learning and development; Understanding the World. This is delivered through exploration and child-initiated play.

To find out more about our early years curriculum, visit our EYFS page


Kapow Primary’s Geography scheme has a clear progression of skills and knowledge within these four strands across each year group. Our Progression of skills and knowledge shows the skills taught within each year group and how these develop to ensure that attainment targets are securely met by the end of each key stage.

The Kapow Primary scheme is a spiral curriculum, with essential knowledge and skills revisited with increasing complexity, allowing pupils to revise and build on their previous learning. Locational knowledge, in particular, will be reviewed in each unit to coincide with our belief that this will consolidate children’s understanding of key concepts, such as scale and place, in Geography. Cross-curricular links are included throughout each unit, allowing children to make connections and apply their Geography skills to other areas of learning.

Enquiry questions form the basis for the units, meaning that pupils gain a solid understanding of geographical knowledge and skills by applying them to answer enquiry questions.

Each unit contains elements of geographical skills and fieldwork to ensure that fieldwork skills are practised as often as possible. Kapow Primary units follow an enquiry cycle that maps out the fieldwork process of question, observe, measure, record, and present, to reflect the elements mentioned in the National curriculum.  This ensures children will learn how to decide on an area of enquiry, plan to measure data using a range of methods, capture the data and present it to a range of appropriate stakeholders in various formats.

Fieldwork includes smaller opportunities on the school grounds to larger-scale visits to investigate physical and human features. Developing fieldwork skills within the school environment and revisiting them in multiple units enables pupils to consolidate their understanding of various methods. It also gives children the confidence to evaluate methodologies without always having to leave the school grounds and do so within the confines of a familiar place. This makes fieldwork regular and accessible
while giving children a thorough understanding of their locality, providing a solid foundation when comparing it with other places.

In EYFS the children document their learning of 'Understanding the World' on Tapestry.  Year 1 show progession through the Geography units in a floor book and Year 2 and KS2 pupls have their own History book

Outcomes in geography books evidence a broad and balanced geography curriculum and demonstrate children’s acquisition of identified key knowledge and skills. Children review their successes in achieving the unit objectives at the end of every block through revisiting and ‘purple polishing’ their enquiry questions and images.  Within each lesson, feedback provided by the teacher (either through written marking or whole class/individual discussions) is used to identify misconceptions and celebrate new learning.  

As children progress throughout the school, they develop a deep knowledge, understanding an appreciation of their local area and its place within the wider geographical context. Where possible, teachers are encouraged to consider the use of school trips to provide further relevant and contextualised learning.

Useful website links


BBC Teach

Topmarks KS1


KS1 Geography BBC Bitesize




National Geographic


KS2 Geography BBC Bitesize


The Biomes of the World






Page Downloads Date  
Long term plan Geography 14th Sep 2023 Download
Geog Progression of Knowledge Skills and Vocabulary 14th Sep 2023 Download