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Phonics

Wheelock      RMTRWI

 

At Wheelock Primary School, we recognise reading as a key life skill, which underpins access to the rest of the curriculum. We aim for children to read words and simple sentences by the end of Reception, become successful, fluent readers by the end of Key Stage 1 and develop a lifelong love of reading as they move through school. We also value and encourage pupils to read for enjoyment and recognise that this starts with the foundations of acquiring letter sounds,segmenting and blending skills – enjoying success and gaining confidence from a positive experience.

Read Write Inc (R.W.I) is an inclusive literacy programme for all children in Reception, Year 1 and Year 2 learning to read. Children learn the 44 common sounds in the English language and how to blend them to read and spell. The scheme includes both a reading and a writing focus.

Reading is the key that unlocks the whole curriculum so the ability to efficiently decode is essential. The R.W.I sessions occur each day as the continuity and pace of the programme is key to accelerating the progress of children’s reading development.

Intent

We aim to enable our children to:

  • Decode letter-sound correspondences quickly and effortlessly, using their phonic knowledge and skills
  • Read common exception words on sight
  • Understand what they read
  • Read aloud with fluency and expression
  • Write confidently, with a strong focus on vocabulary and grammar
  • Spell quickly and easily by segmenting the sounds in words
  • Acquire good handwriting.

Implementation

This is based on the 5 Ps.

Praise – Children learn quickly in a positive climate.

Pace – Good pace is essential to the lesson.

Purpose – Every part of the lesson has a specific purpose.

Passion – This is a very prescriptive programme. It is the energy, enthusiasm and passion that teachers put into the lesson that bring the teaching and learning to life! Participation - A strong feature of R.W.I lessons is partner work and the partners ‘teaching’ each other (based on research which states that we learn 70% of what we talk about with our partner and 90% of what we teach).

Delivery of Phonics

· Initial sounds are to be taught in a specific order.

· Sounds taught should be ‘pure’ ie ‘b’, not ‘buh’ as this is central to phonic teaching and ability to recognise sounds in words.

· Blends are to be de-clustered. E.g. bl is two specific sounds.

· Children are to be taught that the number of graphemes in a word always corresponds to the number of phonemes. This greatly aids spelling.

· Set 2 sounds are to be taught after Set 1 (initial sounds).

· Letter names are to be introduced with Set 3.

Foundation Stage: R.W.I is fully implemented in Reception by fully trained teachers and TA’s, where the class will be split into groups after a baseline assessment is completed. Lessons will take place daily. Within this time a 10 minute speed sounds session will occur with follow up handwriting and sentence writing. This will happen within reception alone for Autumn term, then mixing with KS1 for the Spring and Summer term (up to purple group).

Year One and Two: R.W.I groups will be set following assessments carried out by the R.W.I lead. The sessions will occur daily for 1 hour and will be carried out by fully trained teachers and teaching assistants. These sessions will replace literacy teaching with a 10 minute Speed Sounds session followed by Reading and Get Writing. Lessons will take place daily. Any children who do not pass the phonics screening in Year 1 will continue to receive RWI session and 1:1 intervention in Year 2.

Key Stage Two: R.W.I will take the form of an intervention for those children with the greatest need in Year 3/4. This will be done by the daily phonics and writing sessions as well as using the 1:1 RWI tutoring programme by trained TA’s.

In Reception, we emphasise the alphabetic code. The pupils rapidly learn sounds and the letter or groups of letters they need to represent them. Simple mnemonics help them to grasp this quickly. This is especially useful for pupils at risk of making slower progress. This learning is consolidated daily. Pupils have frequent practice in reading high frequency words with irregular spellings – common exception words.

We make sure that pupils read books that are closely matched to their increasing knowledge of phonics and the common exception words. This is so that, early on, they experience success and gain confidence that they are readers. Re-reading and discussing these books with the teacher supports their increasingly fluent decoding.

Alongside this, the teachers read a wide range of stories, poetry and non-fiction to pupils; they are soon able to read these texts for themselves.

Embedding the alphabetic code early on means that pupils quickly learn to write simple words and sentences. We encourage them to compose each sentence aloud until they are confident to write independently. We make sure they write every day.

Pupils write at the level of their spelling knowledge. The quality of the vocabulary they use in their writing reflects the language they have heard in the books the teacher has read to them; they have also discussed what the words mean.

Our aim is for pupils to complete the phonics programme as quickly as possible. The sooner they complete it, the sooner they will be able to choose books to read at their own interest and comprehension level.

Impact

By the end of Key Stage 1, our pupils are able to read aloud age-appropriate texts accurately and with sufficient speed for comprehension. This means that we can focus on developing their comprehension, preparing them well for transition to Key Stage 2. Their good decoding skills mean that they have a sound strategy for decoding unfamiliar words when they come across them at whatever stage or in any subject, even into secondary school. Most children are expected to complete the programme by the end of Autumn term in Year 2.

Pupils who are making slower progress usually complete the programme by the end of Year 2. We support pupils who have identified special educational needs for however long it takes until they can read. For example, we identify those who are at risk of falling behind their peers immediately – whatever their age. Highly trained staff tutor them for 10 minutes every day, using the Read Write Inc. One-to-one tutoring programme. If a child arrives in Key Stage 2 reading below their chronological age or with English as an additional language they are taught Read Write Inc. Phonics until they too catch up with their peers.

Inclusion

SEN pupils are fully involved in R.W.I. lessons as all pupils work in ability groups and teaching is geared to the speed of progress of each group. 1:1 tuition will be identified by the RWI lead if required. Able children are catered for as groups are based on ability and there is the flexibility to accommodate gifted younger children within groups of older children.

Additional Support for Low-Attainers

Pupils in the ‘lowest’ attaining group have the widest variety of needs. This is therefore the least homogeneous group. In order to give these pupils the same carefully targeted teaching as all the other groups, some of these pupils have daily one-to-one tutoring for 10 minutes, in addition to their group session in the morning. This tutoring helps us to meet their individual needs. Once these pupils have learnt to read they will receive additional support when learning to spell.

Assessment and Recording

Children are assessed throughout every lesson. Every time partner work is used the teacher assesses the progress of her children. We group pupils homogeneously, according to their progress in reading rather than their writing. This is because it is known that pupils’ progress in writing will lag behind progress in reading, especially for those whose motor skills are less well developed.

The teacher assesses how children:

· Read the grapheme chart

· Read the green and red word lists

· Decode the ditty/story

· Comprehend the story

Formal assessment is carried out every half term by the R.W.I lead using the R.W.I. assessments. This allows for achieving homogeneity within each group and indicates the correct access point for new entrants.

We assess all pupils following Read Write Inc. Phonics using the Entry Assessment; we use this data to assign them to either Read Write Inc. Phonics. This gives us a very good indication of how well they are making progress relative to their starting points. We do this for all pupils, whenever they join us, so we can track all of them effectively, including those eligible for the pupil premium. For those on the Read Write Inc. Phonics programme, we record their starting date and entry point on the tracker to monitor the rate at which they are making progress. We can also easily identify those who joined the programme later.

Monitoring and Review

The R.W.I leader:

· Assesses all KS.1 pupils and designates pupils to the correct groups.

· Coaches R.W.I teachers and check that pupils are in the correct groups

· Attends up-date meetings when they occur and reports back to the R.W.I teachers. · Speaks with the Head teacher regarding groups and a 1-1 “hot list” of pupils needing further support.

· Is responsible for reporting to the governors about the quality of the implementation of R.W.I and the impact on standards.

· Ensuring that our teaching of reading is of the highest quality and that all our pupils make progress/

· Ensuring pupils in the ‘lower progress’ group are making good progress and organising one-to-one tutoring for the pupils who need extra support.

· Providing further training (through masterclasses, coaching/ observation and face-to- face feedback).

Home/School Partnership

At Wheelock, we value the support of our parents/carers in teaching their children to read. Reading at home allows children to practice the skills they have been taught in school. This does wonders for their confidence as a reader. We invite parents/carers to an initial meeting and we hold Inspire workshops regularly to show how they can help their children read at home. We use the resources on the parent page on the Ruth Miskin Training website: http://www.ruthmiskin.com/en/parents.

At Wheelock we:

· Hold an introduction to RWI Inspire workshop/parents meeting.

· Hold workshops across the year for parents/carers who want extra support.

· At parents meeting we share progress with parents/carers.

·We direct parents to the Ruth Miskin Training website: http://www.ruthmiskin.com/en/parents.

· We run a phonics screening meeting for Year One parents/carers and who Year Two parents/carers who need to be retested.

· Give out phonics information to parents/carers to support their child in the program.

 

Written by – Tia Warburton

Review Date – 24.4.23